A supernatural formation Cappadocia in Turkey
Erciyes, Hasan Mountain, and Gollu Mountain in the Cappadocia region were active volcanoes in geological periods. Cappadocia is the name given to a region formed 60 million years ago as a result of the erosion of lava and ash emitted by a volcanic eruption into the environment by rain and wind for millions of years. These geographical hatted formations formed as a result of wear are called "Peri Bacaları" (Fairy Chimneys).
Cappadocia is a historical region in the central of Anatolia, mainly Nevsehir, Kırsehir, Nigde, Aksaray and Kayseri provinces. The most popular visited areas are Uchisar, Goreme, Avanos, Urgup, Derinkuyu, Kaymakli and Ihlara.
Cappadocia region is extraordinary geography where nature and history are integrated. In Cappadocia, the architectural texture exhibits a structure integrated with the geographical space. In the historical process, people carved fairy chimneys and used them as houses, churches, and monasteries.
By decorating these structures with frescoes, traces of thousands of years of civilizations have been carried to our present day.
In Cappadocia, human settlements date back to the Paleolithic period, whilst the written history of Cappadocia begins with the Hittites. It has hosted trading colonies throughout history. Cappadocia, a commercial and social bridge between countries, is also one of the important crossroads of the Silk Road.
Cappadocia region, which has been home to many civilizations throughout history (Hittite Empire, Persian Empire, Cappadocia Kingdom, Romans, Seljuks, and finally Ottoman Empire), has unique geological, historical, and cultural features. That is why Cappadocia is a very popular tourist destination today. The hot-air balloon that is indispensable for the Cappadocia trips are very popular in Cappadocia and are available in Göreme. In addition, trekking is enjoyed in Ihlara Valley, Monastery Valley (Guzelyurt), Ürgüp, and Göreme.
The region is also successful in grape growing and winemaking. Don't forget to stop by the wine cellars when you go to Cappadocia :)
Durch die Dekoration dieser Bauwerke mit Fresken wurden die Spuren jahrtausendealter Zivilisationen bis in die Gegenwart getragen.