World Autism Awareness Day

April 2 has been declared by the United Nations as “World Autism Awareness Day” in order to raise awareness of autism and to spread early detection and treatment and find solutions to problems related to autism. “Autism Awareness Month”, which started on April 2, aims to encourage research on autism in the world and increase awareness on this issue.

For an individual who shows symptoms of autism, reasons such as thinking “he is withdrawn, he speaks somehow” or concerns about stigma by society lead to delays in the diagnosis and treatment of children with autism. However, it should be noted that the earlier autism is recognized and managed, the more positive results are obtained in its treatment.

What is Autism?

It is a medical condition that usually begins until the age of 3 and continues throughout life, causing problems in social interaction and communication. There is no single known cause of autism, a developmental disorder that hinders brain development leading to limited and repetitive behaviors. Looking at genetic factors, it seems that several different genes play a role in autism. 

Currently, the number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder is increasing compared to the past. Autism can be seen in children all over the world, but some factors may increase the risk of the disorder.

What Are The Symptoms of Autism?

• Eye contact is either absent or restricted.

• They don't react when they call by name.

• They can be overly mobile or motionless.

• They don't interested in their environment.

• They don't like physical contact like hugging and kissing.

• There is a delay in speech.

• They deal with inanimate beings instead of communicating with humans.

• They do not engage in dialogue with their peers in the community, they do not participate in games, they isolate themselves.

• Even if they learn to speak, they always repeat the same word.

• They do not use speech as a means of communication

• They make inappropriate sentences and speak like a mold.

• The forms of speech and tone of voice are uniform.

• They can laugh and giggle at anything unrelated.

• They can obsess over a piece of an object. (for example, constantly playing with the wheel of the car)

• They can be overly attached to some objects.

• They have an obsession with order. They can get angry when their routine breaks down.

• They play the same games all the time.

• Some can be very stubborn and combative. 

• When they enter the social environment, they can be extremely afraid and react.

• They often show eating disorders.

• They can damage themselves and the things around them.

• They're insensitive to danger.

• They're insensitive to pain.

• They don't understand the joke or the implication.

• They are insensitive to Normal learning methods.

Treatment of Autism

There is no known way to prevent autism yet, and there is no definitive cure. Early diagnosis and early intervention are the most useful treatment for autism. There are several viable treatment options, such as behavioral training and specialized therapies, to improve the social and individual abilities of an individual with autism. It is also important that the treatment that will be applied is appropriate for the family. Speech therapy, therapies aimed at increasing motor abilities, therapies aimed at gaining social communication skills are among the treatments applied.

Autism can occur with different symptoms in each child. Clinical treatment and progression of each child may not be the same. For this reason, all families are required to learn about autism for early diagnosis and treatment. 

💙 Autism aint sıckness, it is difference. 💙

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